Catholic Worldview

To live faithfully in the world as a Catholic, it is critical to see life through the eyes of the Church and the Catholic faith. Never has this been more true than in this time of cultural decay and radical secularization of society. 
All people have a way in which they view reality in the world—a way of making sense of things. And, people often act consistently with their worldview, even though they may do so without a conscious thought of even having one. In short, we don't see our worldview--we see everything else through it.

Developing a Catholic Worldview (What to Read)

Letters to a Young Catholic (Art of Mentoring)  by George Weigel (A charming reinforcement of the sense that Catholicism is not just a creed but an "optic," a rooted way of viewing the world.)
How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization by Thomas E. Woods, Jr. (A compelling case that Western civilization would not have developed and thrived without the Catholic Church.)
Holiness and the Holiness of Beauty: Art, Sanctity, and the Truth of Catholicism by John Saward (A powerful introduction to theological aesthetics and the fundamental harmony between holiness and beauty.)
Faith and Modern Democracy: God and Politics in the Fallen World  by Robert P. Kraynak (Provides a political framework from an Augustinian perspective.)
The City of God  by St. Augustine (R.W. Dyson ed.) (A captivating interpretation of history in terms of the struggle between good and evil--the City of God in perpetual conflict with the City of Man.)
The Catholic Imagination  by Andrew Greeley (Catholics live in a world of statues, holy water, stained glass, votive candles, rosary beads and religious pictures, but these things are simply hints of a deeper and more pervasive religious sensibility that inclines Catholics to see the works of God everywhere in creation.)
Triumph: The Power and the Glory of the Catholic Church: A 2,000-Year History  by H.W. Crocker III (This book is not intended as a comprehensive scholarly treatment of the history of Catholicism. Rather, it is an exhilirating survey of how world events were intertwined with the Catholic Church for two millenia--written from the perspective of an orthodox Catholic.)
Leisure: The Basis of Culture  by Josef Pieper (This classic book is not a simple read for beginners, but its message is timelessly Catholic--there is something much more important in life than the mindless, utilitarian drive to work. A life of contemplation and philosophy is vital for every Catholic--every person.)
The Death of Christian Culture by John Senior (Called by one reviewer, "A beautifully written Jeremiad on the decay of Western intellectual and spiritual culture," this provocative book provides insight into what has happened to the general culture, and Catholic culture, in recent decades. Very important for every serious Catholic to read, along with its sequel. But, don't let its frankness put you off. Stay with it and enlightenment will eventually occur.)
The Restoration of Christian Culture by John Senior (The sequel to Senior's The Death of Christian Culture. Should be read in sequence with the earlier work. It won't put a happy face on the prospects for a restoration of Christian culture, but it does provide insights into what a revival of family and faith might look like.)
Chance or Dance: A Critique of Modern Secularism  by Thomas Howard (A short and deeply insightful critique of the modern mindset--secularism. The author contrasts the "old myth" (where everything meant everything) to the "new myth" (where nothing means anything). A very creative and penetrating look at the differences between the Christian and secular worldviews. Read it more than once and take notes.)
Iota Unum: A Study of the Changes in the Catholic Church in the Twentieth Century   by Romano Amerio (A thorough and important critique of the crisis in the Catholic Church, covering the conduct and documents of Vatican II, the priesthood, catechetics, religious orders, feminism, ecumenism, faith, morality, Catholic culture, liturgy, and much more from the time of John XXIII to 1985.)